Faculty

Clark Glymour

Alumni University Professor

Baker Hall 135L

412.268.2933

cg09@andrew.cmu.edu

Research Interests

My work in the 1970s focussed on traditional issues in the philosophy of science, especially formal accounts of the confirmation of scientific theories. In this same period I worked on philosophically interesting global properties of models of general relaivity. In the 1980s, in collaboration with John Earman, I worked on historical topics in late 19th and early 20th century psychiatry (that was an accident--I had to teach a course on Freud!) and physics, especially on the genesis and testing of the special and general theories of relativity. In the same period I became interested in the possibility of automated procedures for finding causal explanations in the social sciences. A collaboration with my students, Kevin Kelly, Richard Scheines and Peter Spirtes developed automated heuristic procedures for respecification of linear latent variable models, later described in Discovering Causal Structure (Academic Press, 1987). In this same period, in collaboration with Kelly, extended formal learning theory, as developed by Gold and Putnam for learning recursively enumerable sets and recursive functions, to learning formalized theories. Kelly has continued and radically extended that work in his wonderful book, The Logic of Reliable Inquiry (Oxford, 1987) and in subsequent papers.

By 1990 Scheines, Spirtes and I had developed the causal interpretation of Bayes nets, and outlined a program of research: to find feasible search algorithms, characterize indistinguishability, and generate algorithms for prediction from interventions on partially characterized causal structures. This program was realized in our Causation, Prediction and Search (Springer, 1993; 2nd Edition, MIT, 2001) and in related work by many people, including our students, Chris Meek at Microsoft and Thomas Richardson in Statistics at the University of Washington.

My current research applies previous work on causal Bayes nets and formal learning theory to a variety of topics. With Joseph Ramsey and with collaborators at NASA Ames I work on automated identification of mineral composition from spectra. With the Computational Systems Biology Group, I work on the possibilities and limitations of machine learning procedures for inferring gene regulation from measurements of messenger RNA concentrations. In collaboration with several psychologists and with my former student, David Danks, I also work on mathematical aspects of the psychology of causal reasoning, work that I have recently summarized in The Mind's Arrows: Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models in Psychology (MIT, 2003). Most recently I have been working on learning algorithms for distributed datasets with distinct but not disjoint variable sets, learning classifiers for data with few cases and very large numbers of variables, forecasting rare events, particularly forest fires, and the causal analysis of climate teleconnections. And I do occasionally still write phiosophical essays, recently, for example, "Instrumental Probability" in The Monist and with Mara Harrell, "Confirmation and Chaos" in Philosophy of Science.

For the most part I teach introductory undergraduate courses. Most recently, a course on the history of western religion and a course on ethics and public policy.

I also hold an appointment at the Florida Institute for Human and Machine Cognition, University of West Florida and an adjunct appointment in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh.

Publications

Glymour, Clark. "Probability and the Explanatory Virtues," The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, in press (2013).

Hanson, Catherine, Hanson, Stephen José, Ramsey, Joseph and Glymour, Clark. "Effective Connectivity of Brain Networks Responsible for Impaired Joint Attention in Individuals with Autism," Brain Connectivity, in press (2013).

Glymour, Clark. "On the Possibility of Inference to the Best Explanation," Journal of Philosophical Logic (2012), 41:461–469.

Pedersen, Arthur Paul and Glymour, Clark. "What Language Dependence Problem? A Reply for Joyce to Fitelson on Joyce," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 79, No. 4 (October 2012), pp. 561-574.

Glymour, Clark. "Searching the Heavens: Astronomy, Computation, Statistics, Data Mining and Philosophy," in M. Way, ed. 2012, Advances in Machine Learning and Data Mining for Astronomy. Chapman-Hall.

Ramsey, J.D., et al., "Six problems for causal inference from fMRI", NeuroImage (2009), doi:10.1016/j. neuroimage.2009.08.065.

Glymour, Clark. et al., "Actual causation: a stone soup essay," Synthese, DOI 10.1007/s11229-009-9497-9. March 1, 2009.

Chu, Tanjiao.and Glymour, Clark. "Search for Additive Nonlinear Time Series Causal Models," Journal of Machine Learning Research 9 (2008) 967-991.

Glymour, Bruce, Glymour, Clark and Glymour, Maria. "Watching Social Science: The Debate About the Effects of Exposure to Televised Violence on Aggressive Behavior," American Behavioral Scientist, 2008; 51; 1231 DOI: 10.1177/0002764207312020.

Glymour, Clark. " When is a Brain Like the Planet?," Philosophy of Science, 2008.

Glymour, Clark and Danks, David. "Reasons as Causes in Bayesian Epistemology," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 104, No. 9 (Sep., 2007), pp. 464-474.

Glymour, Clark "Markov Properties and Quantum Experiments," in W. Demopoulos and I. Pitowsky, eds. Physical Theory and Its Interpretation: Essays in Honor of Jeffrey Bub, Springer 2006.

Chu, T., David Danks, and Clark Glymour. "Data Driven Methods for Granger Causality and Contemporaneous Causality with Non-Linear Corrections: Climate Teleconnection Mechanisms," 2004.

Glymour, Clark. "When is a Brain Like the Planet?" (2005). Department of Philosophy. Paper 268. http://repository.cmu.edu/philosophy/268.

Review of T. Kuhn, The Road Since Structure. Unpublished.

Glymour, Clark. Review of Phil Dowe and Paul Nordhoff: "Cause and Chance: Causation in an Indeterministic World, Mind, 2005.

Eberhardt, Frederick, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines. "N-1 Experiments Suffice to Determine the Causal Relations Among N Variables," 2004.

Glymour, Clark. "Essay Review: Cause and Chance: Causation in an Indeterministic World", Phil Dowe and Paul Noordhof, eds., Routledge, 2004.

Eberhardt, Frederick, Glymour, Clark and Scheines, Richard. "On the Number of Experiments Sufficient and in the Worst Case Necessary to Identify All Causal Relations Among N Variables," Proceedings of the Twenty-First Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI2005)

Handley, Daniel, Nicoleta Serban, David Peters, Robert O'Doherty, Melvin Field, Larry Wasserman, Peter Spirtes, Richard Scheines, and Clark Glymour, "Evidence of systematic expressed sequence tag IMAGE clone cross-hybridization on cDNA microarrays, Genomics, Vol. 83, Issue 6 (June, 2004), 1169-1175.

Handley, Daniel, Nicoleta Serban, David G. Peters, and Clark Glymour. "Concerns About Unreliable Data from Spotted cDNA Microarrays Due to Cross-Hybridization and Sequence Errors," Statistical Applications in Genetics and Molecular Biology, Vol. 3, Issue 1 (October 6, 2004), Article 25.

Glymour, Clark. Comment on D. Lerner, "The Illusion of Conscious Will," Behavioral and Brain Sciences, in press.

Glymour, Clark. "Review of Joseph E. Early, Sr. (Ed.): Chemical Explanation: Characteristics, Development, Autonomy," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 71, No. 3 (July, 2004), 415-418.

Spirtes, Peter and Clark Glymour. "Causal Inference," Encyclopedia of Social Science, in press

Glymour, Clark. "We believe in freedom of the will so that we can learn," Behavioral and Brain Sciences, Vol. 27, No. 5 (2004), 661-662.

Glymour, Clark. "The Automation of Discovery," Daedelus, Vol. Winter (2004), 69-77.

Serban, Nicoleta, Larry Wasserman, David Peters, Peter Spirtes, Robert O'Doherty, Dan HandleyÝ, Richard Scheines, and Clark Glymour. "Analysis of microarray data for treated fat cells," (2003).

In process. Glymour, Clark. "Why the University Should Abolish Faculty Course Evaluations," (Nov. 2003).

Danks, David, Clark Glymour, and Peter Spirtes. "The Computational and Experimental Complexity of Gene Perturbations for Regulatory Network Search," (2003).

Silva, Ricardo, Richard Scheines, Glymour, Clark, and Peter Spirtes. "Learning Measurement Models for Unobserved Variables," UAI '03, Proceedings of the 19th Conference in Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, August 7-10 2003, Acapulco, Mexico (2003), 543-550.

Danks, David and Clark Glymour, and Peter Spirtes. "The Computational and Experimental Complexity of Gene Perturbations for Regulatory Network Search," Proceedings of IJCAI-2003 Workshop on Learning Graphical Models for Computational Genomics, (2003), 22-31.

Frank Wimberly, Thomas Heiman, Joseph Ramsey, and Clark Glymour, "Experiments on the Accuracy of Algorithms for Inferring the Structure of Genetic Regulatory Networks from Microarray Expression Levels," International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence Workshop, 2003

Earman, John, Clark Glymour, and Sandra Mitchell. "Editorial. Erkenntnis, Vol. 57 (2002), 277-280.

Glymour, Clark. "A Semantics and Methodology for Ceteris Paribus Hypotheses," Erkenntnis, Vol. 57 (2002), 395-405.

Glymour, Clark. "Review of James Woodward, Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation, British Journal for Philosophy of Science, Vol. 55 (2004), 779-790.

Fienberg, Stephen, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines. "Expert statistical testimony and epidemiological evidence: the toxic eects of lead exposure on children," Journal of Econometrics, Vol 113 (2003), 33-48.

Glymour, Clark. "Learning, prediction and causal Bayes Nets," Trends in Cognitive Science, Vol. 7, No. 1 (2003), 43-47.

Schulz, Laura E., Alison Gopnik, and Clark Glymour. "Preschool children learn causal structure from conditional interventions," in process: Submitted to Developmental Psychology July 8th, 2004.

Gopnik, Alison, Clark Glymour, David M. Sobel, Laura E. Schulz, Tamar Kushnir, and David Danks. "A theory of causal learning in children: Causal maps and Bayes nets," Psychological Review, Vol. 111, No. 1 (2004).

Harrell, Maralee and Clark Glymour. "Confirmation and Chaos," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 69 (June 2002), 256-265.

Chu, Tianjiao, Clark Glymour, Richard Scheines, and Peter Spirtes. "A Statistical Problem for Inference to Regulatory Structure from Associations of Gene Expression Measurements with Microarrays," Bioinformatics, Vol. 19, No. 9 (2003), 1147-1152.

Glymour, Clark. "Instrumental Probability," The Monist, Vol. 84, No. 2 (April, 2001). Journal Article

Gopnik, Alison, David M. Sobel, Laura E. Schulz, and Clark Glymour. "Causal Learning Mechanisms in Very Young Children: Two-, Three-, and Four-Year-Olds Infer Causal Relations From Patterns of Variation and Covariation," Developmental Psychology, Vol. 37, No. 5 (2001), 620-629. Journal Article

Moody, Jonathan, Ricardo Silva, Joseph Vanderwaart, Joseph Ramsey, and Clark Glymour. "Classification and filtering of spectra: A case study in mineralogy," Intelligent Data Analysis, Vol. 6, Issue 6 (2002), 517-531.

Moody, Jonathan, Ricardo Silva, Joseph Vanderwaart, and Clark Glymour. "Data Filtering for Automatic Classification of Rocks from Reflectance Spectra," Proceedings of the 12 Conference on Knowledge Discovery in Databases Conference Proceeding

Danks, David and Clark Glymour. "Linearity Properties of Bayes Nets with Binary Variables," Proceedings of the 17th Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence Conference (2001).

Glymour, Clark. The Mind's Arrows: Bayes Nets and Graphical Causal Models, MIT Press, 2002 Book

Ramsey, Joseph D., Paul Gazis, Peter Spirtes, and Clark Glymour. "Automated Remote Sensing with Near Infrared Reflectance Spectra: Carbonate Recognition," Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Vol. 6 (2002), 277-293. Journal Article: Mineralogy

Glymour, Clark, Peter Spirtes, and Richard Scheines. "Automated Search for Gene Expression Regulatory Networks," Proceedings of the North Carolina Conferences on Genomics, Raleigh, 2000 Conference Proceeding

Spirtes, Peter, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines. "Constructing Bayesian Network Models of Gene Expression Networks from Microarray Data," In Proceedings of the Atlantic Symposium on Computational Biology, Genome Information Systems & Technology (2000). Conference Proceeding

Glymour, Clark, "Psychological and Normative Theories of Causal Power and the Probabilities of Causes", Proceedings of the Fourteenth Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence, July 24-26, 1998, University of Wisconsin Business School, Madison, WI (1998), 166-172. Conference Proceeding

Glymour, Clark, David Madigan, Daryl Pregibon, and Padhraic Smyth. "Statistical Themes and Lessons for Data Mining," Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery, Vol. 1, (1997), 11-28.

Cooper, Gregory F., Constantin F. Aliferis, Richard Ambrosino, John Aronis, Bruce G. Buchanan, Richard Caruana, Michael J. Fine, Clark Glymour, Geoffrey Gordon, Barbara H. Hanusa, Janine E. Janosky, Christopher Meek, Tom Mitchell, Thomas Richardson, and Peter Spirtes. "An Evaluation of Machine-Learning Methods for Predicting Pneumonia Mortality," Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Vol. 9 (1997), 107-138.

Glymour, Clark, David Madigan, Daryl Pregibon, and Padhraic Smyth. "Statistical Inference and Data Mining," Communications of the Association for Computing Machinery, Vol. 39, No. 11 (November, 1996), 35-41. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark, Kenneth M. Ford, and Patrick J. Hayes. "Ramon Lull and the Infidels," AI magazine, Vol. 19 (1998), 136. Popular Essay

Richard Scheines, Peter Spirtes, Glymour, Clark, Christopher Meek, and Thomas Richardson. "The TETRAD Project: Constraint Based Aids to Causal Model Specificatoin," Multivariate Behavioral Research, Vol 33, No. 1 (1998), 65-117. Journal Essay

Glymour, Clark "Rabbit Hunting," Synthese, Vol. 121 (1999), 55-78. Journal Essay

Glymour, Clark. "A Mind Is a Terrible Thing to Waste," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 66, No. 3 (Sep., 1999), 445-471.

Glymour, Clark "Android Epistemology for Babies: Reflections on Words, Thoughts and Theories," Synthese, Vol. 122 (2000), 53-68. Journal Essay

Glymour, Clark. "Buy and Use Thinking Things Through," Minds and Machines, Vol. 8, (1998), 309-310.

Glymour, Clark "Learning Causes: Psychological Explanations of Causal Explanation," Minds and Machines, Vol. 8 (1998), 39-60. Journal Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Druzdzel, M. "Causal Inferences from Databases: Why Universities Lose Students," in Glymour and Cooper, eds., Computation, Causation and Discovery, AAAI Press, 1999. Essays in Anthology

Glymour, Clark, Peter Spirtes, and Richard Scheines. "Truth is Among the Best Explanations: Finding Causal Explanations of Conditional Independence and Dependence,: in Glymour and Cooper, eds., Computation, Causation and Discovery, AAAI Pres, 1999. Essay in Anthology

Glymour, Clark, Peter Spirtes, and Richard Scheines. "Prediction and Experimental Design with Graphical Causal Models," in Glymour and Cooper, eds., Computation, Causation and Discovery, AAAI Press, 1999. Essay in Anthology

Glymour, Clark. "What Went Wrong: Reflections on Science by Observation and The Bell Curve," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 65, No. 1 (Mar., 1998), 1-32.

Peter Spirtes, Thomas Richardson, Chris Meek, Richard Scheines, and Clark Glymour. "Using Path Diagrams as a Structural Equation Modelling Tool," Sociological Methods and Research, Vol 27 (1998), 182-225.

Above reprinted in P. Grim, ed., The Philosophers Annual: Anthology of the Ten Best Papers in Philosophy, 1998. Essay in Anthology

Glymour, Clark and Patricia W. Cheng, "Causal Mechanism and Probability: A Normative Approach," in M. Oaksfor and N. Chater, eds., Rational Models of Cognition, Oxford University Press, 1998. Essay in Anthology

Glymour, Clark, Peter Spirtes, and Richard Scheines. Causation, Prediction and Search, 2nd revised edition, M.I.T. Press , 2001. Book

Glymour, Clark and Greg Cooper, eds. Computation, Causation and Discovery, AAAI Press, 1999. Book

Glymour, Clark "Bayes Nets," in The HandBook of Data Mining. - IN PRESS Encyclopedia Article

Glymour, Clark "Psychoanalysis and Philosophy," in E. Erwin, ed., the Encyclopedia of Psychoanalysis. - IN PRESS Encyclopedia Article

Glymour, Clark Review of The Feeling of What Happens by Antonio Damasio, San Diego Union Tribune. Book Review

Glymour, Clark Review of "The Art of Causal Conjecture by Glenn Shafer, Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 93, No. 444 (Dec 1998), 1513-1515 Book Review

Spirtes, Peter and Clark Glymour. "Reply to Humphreys and Freedman's Review of Causation, Prediction, and Search," The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 48, No. 4 (Dec., 1997), 555-568.

Glymour, Clark "Confirmation," Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1997. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Realism and Objectivity," in Mary Lou Maxwell and C. Wade Savage, eds., Science, Mind, and Psychology: Essays in Honor of Grover Maxwell, University Press of America (1989). Essay in Anthology

Glymour, Clark "Freud," Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 1997. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Philosophy of Science and the Logic of Discovery," in Between Positivism and Relativism, W. Savage, ed., Westview Press, 1997. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Group Data in Cognitive Neuropsychology," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 45, No. 3 (Sep., 1994), 815-835. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark Review of Recent Work on the Foundations of Causal Inference, in V. McKim, Causality in Crisis, Notre Dame Press, 1997. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Stalker, D. "Quantum Medicine," in D. Stalker and Clark Glymour, Examining Holistic Medicine, 1997. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark "Causation," Wiley Encyclopedia of Statistics, Wiley, 1997. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Déjà Vu All Over Again," Proceedings of the 1994 Carnegie Symposium, ed. J. Cohen, Erlbaum. Psychology Essay

Glymour, Clark "Silicon Reflections," in Clark Glymour, K. Ford and P. Hayes, eds., Thinking about Android Epistemology, M.I.T. / AAAI Press.

Glymour, Clark, Hayes, P., and Ford, K. "The Pre-History of Android Epistemology," in Clark Glymour, K. Ford and P. Hayes, eds., Android Epistemology, M.I.T. Press, 1995. Reprinted in G. Lugar, ed., Computation and Intelligence, M.I.T. Press, 1995. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Gopnik, A. "October," Times Literary Supplement, November 24, 1995. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark "Andrea Android's Adventures Among the Asteroids," in Z. Pylyshyn and K. Ford, eds., The Robot's Dilemma Revisited, Abelex, 1996. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Fienberg, Stephen E., Clark Glymour, and Peter Spirtes. "Discussion of Causal Diagrams for Empirical Research by J. Pearl," Biometrika, Vol. 82, No. 4 (Dec., 1995), 690-692.

Glymour, Clark, Ford, K. and Hayes, P., editor. Android Epistemology, M.I.T. Press, 1995. Book

Meek, Christopher and Clark Glymour. "Conditioning and Intervening," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 45, No. 4 (Dec., 1994). 1001-1021. Methodology Essay

Glymour, Clark "On the Methods of Cognitive Neuropsychology," British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 45, 1994. (pp. 815-835) Methodology Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Spirtes, P. "Real Grue," in Grue!, edited by Douglas Stalker, Free Press, 1994. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark, Kelly, K. and Juhl, C. "Reliability, Realism and Relativism," in P. Clark, ed., Reading Putnam, Blackwell, 1994. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Utilitarianisn and Psychology: Comment," Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1994. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, Spirtes, P., Scheines, R., and Meek, C. TETRAD II, Lawrence Erlbaum, 1994. Software

Glymour, Clark "Comments on Farah," Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1994. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Druzdzel, Marek and Clark Glymour. "Having the Right Tool: Causal Graphs in Teaching Research Design," What Works in University Teaching: University of Pittsburgh Teaching Excellence Conference (March 31 - April 1, 1995).

Druzdzel, Marek J., and Clark Glymour. "Application of the TETRAD II Program to the Study of Student Retention in U.S. Colleges," 1994.

Druzdzel, Marek and Clark Glymour. "What Do College Ranking Data Tell Us About Student Retention?" Proceedings of the 1994 AAAI Workshop on Knowledge Discovery in Databases. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, Spirtes, P., and Scheines, R. Thinking Things Through, M.I.T. Press, 1993. Book

Glymour, Clark and the HPS faculty, University of Pittsburgh. Philosophy of Science, Prentice-Hall, 1993. Book

Glymour, Clark "How Freud left Science," in J. Earman, et al., editors, Philosophical Problems of the Internal and External Worlds, University of Konstanz and University of Pittsburgh Presses, 1993. History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark Causation, Prediction and Search, Springer, 1993. Book

Glymour, Clark, Scheines, R., and Spirtes, P. "Prediction and Causation," Advanced Technology for Developers, Jane Klimasauskas (editor), Vol. 2, August 1993, High-Tech Communications. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark and Peter Spirtes. "Comment: Conditional Independence and Causal Inference," Statistical Science, Vol. 8, No. 3 (Aug., 1993), 250-257. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Kelly, K. "Inductive Inference from Theory Laden Data," Journal of Philosophical Logic, 1992. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Freud's Androids," in Cambridge Companion to Freud, ed. J. Neu, Cambridge University Press, 1992. History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Kelly, K. "Thoroughly Modern Meno," Pittsburgh Studies in the Philosophy of Science, edited by J. Earman, University of California Press, 1992. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Invasion of the Mind Snatchers," Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, ed. R. Giere, University of Minnesota Press, 1992. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark, Kelly, K., and Spirtes, P. "Artificial Intelligence and Hard Problems: The Expected Complexity of Problem Solving," in J. Pollock and R. Cummins, eds., Philosophy and AI: Essays at the Interface, M.I.T. Press, 1991. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark, "The hierarchies of knowledge and the mathematics of discovery," Minds and Machines, Vol. 1, No. 1 (February, 1991), 75-95.

Spirtes, Peter and Clark Glymour "A Fast Algorithm for Discovering Sparse Causal Graphs," Social Science Computer Review, Vol. 9 (1991), 62-72.

Glymour, Clark, Peter Spirtes, and Richard Scheines. "Causal Inference." Erkenntnis. Vol. 35, Nos. 1-3 (July, 1991), 151-189.

Glymour, Clark. "New Examinations," Science, New Series, Vol. 248, No. 4957 (May 18, 1990), 879.

Kelly, Kevin T. and Clark Glymour. "Getting to the Truth through Conceptual Revolutions," PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. Vol. 1990, Volume One: Contributed Papers (1990), 89-96.

Glymour, Clark, and Kelly, K. "Theory Discovering from Data with Mixed Quantifiers," Journal of Philosophical Logic, 1990. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark, Spirtes, P., and Scheines, R. "A Qualitative Approach to Causal Modeling," in P. Fishwick, ed., Qualitative Simulation Modeling, Springer-Verlag (1990), 72-97. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Spirtes, Peter, Clark Glymour, and Richard Scheines. "From Probability to Causality," Philosophical Studies, Vol. 64, No. 1 (Oct., 1991), 1-36.

Glymour, Clark, Spirtes, P., and Scheines, R. "Simulation Studies of the Reliability of Computer Aided Model Specification Using the TETRAD, EQS, and LISREL Programs," Sociological Methods and Research, 1989. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Comments on Lane and Cooper," Applied Stochastic Models and Data Analysis, 1989. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "When Less is More," in D. Evans, ed., Cognitive Science in Medicine, M.I.T. Press, 1989. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Comment: ESP and the Big Stuff," Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1989. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, Richard Scheines, and Peter Spirtes. "Exploring Causal Structure with the TETRAD Program," Sociological Methodology, Vol. 18 (1988), 411-448. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Artificial Intelligence and Causal Modeling," in B. Skyrms, ed., Probability and Causality, Reidel, 1988. Methodological Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark "Obscenity and the Arts," Times Literary Supplement, February, 1988. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark and Peter Spirtes. "Latent Variables, Causal Models, and Overidentifying Constraints," Journal of Econometrics, Vol. 39, Nos. 1-2, (1988), 175-198. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Artifical Intelligence is Philosophy," in J. Fetzer, ed., Aspects of Artificial Intelligence, Reidel, 1988. Philosophical Essay

Earman, John and Clark Glymour. "What Revisions Does Bootstrap Testing Need?" Philosophy of Science, Vol. 55, No. 2 (Jun., 1988), 260-264. Philosophical Essay

Kelly, Kevin T. and Clark Glymour. "Convergence to the Truth and Nothing but the Truth," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 56, No. 2 (Jun., 1989), 185-220. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Android Epistemology: Comments on ŒCognitive Wheels'," in The Robot's Dilemma, ed. Z. Pylyshyn, Ablex, 1987. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark "Comments on Shank," in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1987. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark, Scheines, R., Spirtes, P., and Kelly, K. TETRAD, Academic Press, 1987. Software

Glymour, Clark, Scheiners, R., Spirtes, P., and Kelly, K. Discovering Causal Structure: Artificial Intelligence, Philosophy of Science and Statistical Modeling, Academic Press, 1987. Book

Glymour, Clark "Causal Modeling with the Tetrad Program," Synthese, 68, 1986.

Reprinted in W. Shadish, ed., Evaluation Studies Annual, 1987. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Statistics and Causal Inference: Comment: Statistics and Metaphysics," Journal of the American Statistical Association, Vol. 81, No. 396 (Dec., 1986), 964-966. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Inductive Inference in the Limit," Erkenntnis, 22, 1985. (pp. 23-31) Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Comments on Leamer," Philosophy and Economics, 1, 1985. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Comment: Fodor's Holism," in Behavioral and Brain Science, 1985. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Independence Assumptions and Bayesian Updating," Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 25, 1985, 95-99. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark Glymour, Clark "Explanation and Realism," in P. Churchland, ed., Images of Science, University of Chicago Press, 1985.

Reprinted in J. Leplin, Realism, University of California Press, 1984 Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Thomason, R. "Theory Perturbation and the Logic of Conditionals," Proceedings of the Conference on Non-Monotonic Reasoning, Paltz, 1984. Artificial Intelligence Essay

Glymour, Clark "The Theory of Your Dreams," in R. Cohen and L. Laudan, eds., Physics, Philosophy and Psychoanalysis, Reidel, 1983. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "On Testing and Evidence," Minnesota Studies in Philosophy of Science, Vol. X, ed., J. Earman, University of Minnesota Press, 1983. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Revisions of Bootstrap Testing," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 50, No. 4 (Dec., 1983), 626-629. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Social Science and Social Physics," Behavioral Sciences, 1983. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Stalker, D. "Engineers, Cranks, Physicians, Magicians," England Journal of Medicine, 308, April 21, 1983. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Stalker, D. "Winning Through Pseudo-Science," in P. Grim, ed. Philosophy of Science and the Occulty, SUNY Press, 1982. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark "Causal Evidence and Causal Explanation," in R. McLaughlin, ed., What? Where? When? Why?, Reidel, Boston, 1982. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Conceptual Scheming," Synthese, 1982. Philosophical Essay

Spirtes, Peter and Clark Glymour. "Space-Time and Synonymy," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 49, No. 3 (Sep., 1982) 463-477. Philosophical Essay

Earman, John, Clark Glymour and Robert Rynasiewicz. "On Writing the History of Relativity," PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association. Vol. 1982, Volume Two: Symposia and Invited Papers (1982), 403-416. History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark and Douglas Stalker. "The Malignant Object: Thoughts on Public Sculpture," Public Interest, Winter, 1982. Popular Essay

Glymour, Clark "Hypothetico-Deductivism is Hopeless," Philospohy of Science, Vol. 47, No. 2 (Jun., 1980), 322-325. Philosophical Essay

Earman, John and Clark Glymour. "The Gravitational Red Shift as a Test of General Relativity: History and Analysis," Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 1981. History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark, and Douglas Stalker. Theory and Evidence, Princeton University Press, 1980. Book

Glymour, Clark "The Good Theories Do," in Construct Validity in Psychological Measurement, U.S. Office of Personnel Management and Educational Testing Service, 1980. Behavioral Science, Social Science, and Statistics Essay

Reprinted in Examining Holistic Medicine, editor, Prometheus, 1985. Book

Glymour, Clark and John Earman "Relativity and Eclipses: The British Eclipse Expedition of 1919 and its Predecessors," Historical Studies in the Physical Sciences, II, 1980., History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark. "Correction," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 78, No. 1 (Jan., 1981), 58.

Glymour, Clark "Bootstraps and Probabilities," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 77, No. 11, Seventy-Seventh Annual Meeting American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Nov., 1980), 691-699. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Explanations, Tests, Unity, and Necessity," Nous, Vol. 14, No. 1, 1980 A.P.A. Western Division Meetings (Mar., 1980), 31-50. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Two Flagpoles Are More Paradoxical Than One," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 45, No. 1 (Mar., 1978), 118.119. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark and John Earman "Einstein and Hilbert: Two Months in the History of General Relativity," Archive for History of the Exact Sciences, 19, 1978. History of Science Essay

John Earman and Clark Glymour. "Lost in the Tensors: Einstein's Struggles with Covariance Principles, 1912-1916," Studies in the History and Philosophy of Science, Vol. 9, No. 4 (1978), 251-278. History of Science Essay

Glymour, Clark "The Epistemology of Geometry," Nous, Vol. 11, No. 3, Symposium on Space and Time (Sep., 1977), 227-251.

Reprinted in D. Boyer, et al., eds, The Philosopher's Annual, Rowman and Littlefield, 1978. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "The Sum Rule is Well-Confirmed," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 44, No. 1 (Mar. 1977), 86-94. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark Foundations of Space-Time Theories (with J. Earman and J. Stachel), eds., Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 8, University of Minnesota, 1977. Book

Glymour, Clark "Reichenbach's Entanglements," Synthese, 34, 1977. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Indistinguishable Space-Times and the Fundamental Group," in Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol. 8, University of Minnesota Press, 1977. Mathematical Physics Essay

Glymour, Clark "Critical Notice: Jeffrey Bub, The Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics," The Canadian Journal of Philosophy, VI, 1976. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "To Save the Noumena," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 73, No. 18, Seventy-Third Annual Meeting American Philosophical Association, Eastern Division (Oct. 21, 1976), 635-637. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Relevant Evidence," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 72, No. 14, Time, Cause, and Evidence (Aug. 14, 1975), 403-426.

Reprinted in P. Achinstein, ed., Concepts of Evidence, Oxford University Press, 1983.

Reprinted in R. Grandy, Readings in Philosophy of Science, Prentice Hall, 1989. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Freud, Kepler, and the Clinical Evidence," in R. Wollheim, ed., Frued, Doubleday, 1974.

Reprinted, 1982.

Reprinted with "Afterword" in R. Wollheim, ed. Philosophical Essays on Freud, Cambridge University Press, 1983. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Discussion: Physics by Convention," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 39, No. 3, (Sep., 1972), 322-340. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Topology, Cosmology, and Convention," Synthese, 24, 1972. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark and Friedman, M. "If Quanta Had Logic," The Journal of Philosophical Logic 1, 1972. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Determinism, Ignorance, and Quantum Mechanics," The Journal of Philosophy, Vol. 68, No. 21, Sixty-Eitgh Annual Meeting of the American Philosophical Association Eastern Division (November 4, 1971), 744-751. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "Theoretical Realism and Theoretical Equivalence," PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association, Vol. 1970 (1970), 275-288.

Reprinted in: Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, VIII, ed., R. Buck, 1971. Philosophical Essay

Glymour, Clark "On Some Patterns of Reduction," Philosophy of Science, Vol. 37, No. 3, September 1970, 340-353. Philosophical Essay

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